The Bronx is a cocktail with a unique balance of sweet, tart, botanical and boozy. It is a Perfect Martini with orange juice added and equal parts sweet and dry vermouth. It was ranked number three in "The World's 10 Most Famous Cocktails in 1934" after the Martini and the Manhattan. As with other mixed drinks invented before prohibition in the United States, more than multiple stories attributed to the invention of this cocktail.
The Gibson is a cocktail made with gin and dry vermouth and often garnished with a pickled onion. It is very similar to the martini, the only difference is the garnishing with an onion instead of an olive. The exact origin of the Gibson is unclear, some pre-Prohibition recipes all omit bitters and some of them garnish with onion. Other recipes garnish with citrus twists or use no garniture at all.
The martini is a cocktail made with gin and vermouth, and garnished with an olive or a lemon twist. A dry martini is made with little to no vermouth. Ordering a martini "extra dry" will result in even less or no vermouth added. By the Roaring Twenties, it became a common drink order. Over the course of the 20th century, the amount of vermouth steadily dropped.
The Tuxedo is composed of gin, dry Vermouth, orange bitters, maraschino and Absinthe. It's very similar to the imperial cocktail, which adds maraschino to the combination of gin and dry vermouth. Related to the martini, the Tuxedo has had many variations since its inception in the 1880s. The cocktail is named after the Tuxedo Club in Orange County, New York where it was first mixed.
The Queens Cocktail is a gin-based cocktail similar to the Perfect Martini( with the addition of pineapple juice and occasionally lemon juice). Is also similar to the popular Bronx, which contains orange juice rather than pineapple. The first apparition traces back to 1930, in Harry Craddock's Savoy Cocktail Book, and is named after New York city's five boroughs.
Cooperstown Cocktail is a refreshment cocktail made with gin, equal parts of dry vermouth, and sweet vermouth. It is shaken with ice and strained into a chilled cocktail glass with a sprig of mint added. Some variations have orange bitters and mint leaves added. The cocktail was invented at the Waldorf bar before Prohibition and was named in honor of Craig Wadsworth.